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Happy, healthy! Great work!
11/20/2023

Happy, healthy! Great work!

Each morning, for the past 12 years at Chesterbrook Elementary, dozens of kids line up outside the gym a full 50 minutes prior to the bell ring. What are they there for? To be a Fitness Warrior!

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11/15/2023

For your consideration. Please encourage your young and seasoned adults alike to opt out. Reduces junk mail, as well as risk exposure.

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For your consideration. https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=724571489717226&id=100064931430592&post_id=1000649...
10/21/2023

For your consideration.

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FOR YEAR ROUND GROWING, TRY AN UNDERGROUND GREENHOUSE

If eating Fresh Vegetables and Fruits Year Round is important to You and Your Family, you might consider building an Underground Greenhouse. It will keep the temperatures warmer in the Winter and help prevent overheating in the Summer; making it possible to grow your garden vegetables year round.

For the vast majority of the country, 4 feet below the surface will stay between 50° to 60°F even if the weather above the ground gets to 10°F or colder. This is what they call the thermal constant, and what the Underground Greenhouse is based on.

The original design for an Underground Greenhouse was invented in Bolivia, and was called a Walipini, an Aymara Indian word which means “a warm place.” A Walipini is a rectangular shaped Greenhouse that is dug down 6-8 feet deep in the ground. The longest area of the rectangle will face towards the south (in the Northern Hemisphere) to take advantage of the most sunlight.

The design of the Underground Greenhouse isn’t that complicated, as it can be as simple as a hole with plastic sheets laid on top. The roof seals in the heat and insulates the area to keep a warm, moist environment for your fruits and vegetables.

The location of your Walipini will depend on how big you want it to be. You’ll need enough space to grow your plants and have a small area to walk into your greenhouse. The bottom of the Greenhouse will need to be at least 5 feet above the water table in your area. The recommended size for an Underground Greenhouse is 8 x 12 feet.

When planning where your Greenhouse will be located, remember that your roof will need to receive light during the winter, also. This means that you will have to make sure that trees or buildings don't block it during the winter time when the sun is in the South. In most cases, your Underground Greenhouse should be set up East to West, with the roof facing South to take advantage of the Winter Sun.

Once it's decided where your Underground Greenhouse will be located, you can start digging. Plot out the area above ground to keep track of where you should be digging. While you’re excavating, dig at least 2 feet deeper than your desired depth. Keep your soil close by to help prop up the roof.

The walls of your Underground Greenhouse should have a minimum 6-inch slope from the roof to the floor. This will greatly reduce the amount of crumbling and caving that will occur with the soil. You can also layer the walls with a clay to prevent erosion, or use bricks to stabilize the walls of the building.

While you’re digging the hole, dig an extra 2 feet below the desired depth. You’ll fill this area with stone or gravel and then 8 inches of soil. Ideally, you’d lay larger stones and gravel on the bottom layer and the gravel would become progressively smaller until you reach the soil.

The bottom of the greenhouse should be slightly sloped from the center to the edges. Along the perimeter, you should leave a space of 2-3 feet just filled with gravel. This is designed to help the water drain more easily. Many people have also created open gravel wells in the corners of the greenhouses that allows them to collect the water. This will allow you to draw a bucket into the hole and pull out water if you find you have too much.

Once the floor is filled in with the drainage system, and the soil required for growing, the doors can be installed. Place the door frame at the base of the ramp and fill in the areas around the door as much as possible with dirt and clay. Filling in these gaps will prevent heat loss in your greenhouse.

Many times, people will use 2-inch door frames that have holes drilled into the top middle and bottom of each side. They will then use wooden stakes, dowels or rebar to secure the door frame into the soil wall.

The angle of the roof will make a big difference on the sun’s ability to heat your greenhouse. Ideally, the roof should be facing directly at the winter solstice at a 90 angle. This angle will maximize the heat during the winter solstice and minimize the heat during the summer solstice.

Now, you can use that extra soil that you have left over to create a berm. The berm is basically an extension of the north wall of the greenhouse. This allows you to control the angle of the roof by adding or taking away dirt. Build up the berm to continue the slope that you used on the wall. If you’re using bricks – continue using them on the berm.

The most economical, durable material for your roof is 4-inch PVC pipe. Using PVC elbow pieces, joiners, etc, you can create a flat roof frame that will cover your Underground Greenhouse.

After you’ve created a PVC frame, lay it in place on the top of your hole. Then lay plastic sheeting across the top of the frame and make sure that it extends past the edge of the frame by at least 1 foot. This flap will prevent run off water from the roof from running back into the greenhouse itself.

Once the plastic material is put on top of the roof frame, move inside and tack another layer of plastic wrap along the inside of the roof frame. This internal plastic sheeting will create a 4-inch barrier between the inside and outside of the roof, and will act as an insulator that will keep the heat in more effectively.

You’ll want to make sure that you leave a few inches of plastic hanging down on the lower (south) end of your roof. This will force moisture that collects on the roof to drip off above the drainage system or on top of your plants instead of at the base of the roof. If you allow the moisture to run to the base of the roof frame, it may affect the soil at that location and break down your wall, etc.

Ventilation is always crucial. You have 3 options, such as: Installing two doors, one at each end; installing a vent roughly the size of the door at the top of the back wall; or installing a chimney at the center of the back wall. Good Luck on your Greenhouse.

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You can also call us at 918-352-8800 to ask questions or Place an Order, and we are available 7 days a week, and up to 10:00 pm every night.

If you LIKE US on our page, you will be able to see more of our great Gardening Articles, New Seed Offerings and healthy Juice Recipes. Thank you and God Bless You and Your Family. :) https://www.facebook.com/theseedguy

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08/18/2023

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Lahaina Harbor as we know it today was originally dredged in 1955 in front of what was once known as Lahaina Landing at the waterfront of the Old Lahaina Fort.

But the Port of Lahaina goes back almost two centuries since Lahaina was the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1820 to 1845.

It was once an important destination for the 19th century whaling fleet, whose presence at Lahaina frequently led to conflicts with the Christian missionaries living there.

On more than one occasion the conflict was so severe that it led to the shelling of Lahaina by whaleships.

Whaling ships hunting s***m whales in the Pacific began to arrive in Hawaiʻi in 1819, and many ships anchored in Honolulu and Lahaina.

The impact of the whaling fleets on the Hawaiian Islands during the reign of Kamehameha III (1825–1854) shaped the entire Hawaiian economy and was the primary source of income for the islands until the discovery of oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania in 1859 and the onset of the American Civil War (1861–1865).

Ships would generally seek repairs in Honolulu, but captains preferred anchoring off Lahaina because of its easy access from the Lahaina Roads and for the fresh provisions available in town.

According to Henry L. Sheldon, "the business of the entire population was the furnishing of supplies to whalers and entertaining the crews".

Sailors who had been hunting whales for months at a time went to Lahaina to drink grog and meet women.

By 1825 a kapu prohibiting women from going out to ships for the purpose of prostitution was proclaimed by the Hawaiian chiefs (ali'i ).

Enraged that they could not cajole, coax, or coerce Hawaiian women into violating the kapu, the sailors turned their frustrations on the American missionaries, whom they blamed for the emergence of this new unreasonably strict moral law.

Whalers opposed any rules governing alcohol and prostitution, and blamed missionaries for influencing the Kingdom of Hawaii to enforce such rules.

Riots broke out at least four times—in 1825, 1826, 1827, and 1843.

In the 1827 riots, sailors on the John Palmer fired their cannons at the home of missionary William Richards and threatened the safety of the community.

Queen Kaʻahumanu (1768–1832) visited Maui in February 1832, just months before she died, to support the construction of a new fort to protect the town from whalers.

With her help, Hoapili (1775–1840), Royal Governor of Maui, built the fort on the Lahaina waterfront and it was completed within a month.

The fort was constructed from coral blocks with walls approximately 15–20 feet high topped with 47 cannons.

An 1848 inventory lists 6 large cannons, 21 small cannons, 6 breech-loaders, and 8 which did not work.

The fort stored quantities of gunpowder, guns, rifles, and swords, and was used as a prison.

Sailors who docked at Lahaina were subject to a sunset curfew; it they did not return to their ship when the drums sounded they would be imprisoned in the fort.

In 1841, American naval officer Charles Wilkes (1798–1877) visited Lahaina Fort as commanding officer of the United States Exploring Expedition. Wilkes observed, "After the king's palace, the fort is the most conspicuous object: it is of little account, however, as a defence, serving chiefly to confine unruly subjects and sailors in.

As the whaling industry declined and the California Gold Rush gained prominence in the late 1840s, Hawaii's population dropped, and infectious disease epidemics contributed to the loss of local populations.

The fort was restored in 1847 but was now used more as a prison than for defending the Kingdom.

The cannons were rusting and the fort was mostly empty of personnel except for a few soldiers and the Governor of Maui who lived there.

When Henry Augustus Wise visited in 1848, he met James Young (1797–1851), then Governor of Maui, who was living in the fort.

Wise wrote that it was: "an oddly assorted battery of some thirty pieces of artillery, of all sorts of carriages and calibre—long, short, and mediums; they command the usual anchorage, and no doubt do very well to prevent any acts of violence from merchant ships; but it is a question, if, at the second discharge of shot, they do not tumble to pieces."

In the 1850s, whaling began its steep decline. The forts in the Hawaiian Islands were in poor condition due to damage and neglect, and were either abandoned or removed.

Lahaina Fort was demolished in 1854. Its coral blocks were reused to build Hale Paʻahao, a new prison at Wainee Street and Prison Road.

In 1964, the State Parks Department placed a reconstruction of the old fort wall in the southwest corner of the park.

The Lahaina Lighthouse has been a beacon for Lahaina Harbor since Kamehameha III commissioned it in 1840.

Originally only 9 feet tall, the top of the lighthouse held a lamp lit with whale oil harvested just off its shore.

The Lahaina Lighthouse was not only the first navigation aid in the Hawaiian Islands, it was the first lighthouse in the entire US Pacific since it was first lit on November, 4, 1840.

With an increase in whaling and more ships arriving, the lighthouse grew to a height of 26 feet in 1866 and began burning kerosene.

When Hawai‘i was annexed by the US, the harbormaster assumed responsibility for the Lahaina Lighthouse.

A new 55 foot-tall lighthouse was constructed in 1905 and was equipped with a fresnel lens.

The Coast Guard took it over in 1916 and it was then automated with electricity in 1937.

Image: Rear View of Lahaina by Edward T. Perkins circa 1854.

https://www.lahainaharbor.com/history.html

For your consideration. Be your own yardstick. Use your judgment. Stand tall and know that you are doing your best.
04/13/2023

For your consideration.

Be your own yardstick. Use your judgment. Stand tall and know that you are doing your best.

If you're inspired to clean up your home thanks to Marie Kondo and her KonMari method, she just accidentally admits it doesn't work with toddlers.

For your consideration.
03/06/2023

For your consideration.

At more than $2,400 per square foot, the nautically inspired Olympia sets a new high-water mark at the top end of Brooklyn’s real estate market

Reuters: Zambia received 'debt-for-nature' proposal from WWF for restructuring.
01/19/2023

Reuters: Zambia received 'debt-for-nature' proposal from WWF for restructuring.

Zambia received a "debt-for-nature swap" proposal as part of its $13 billion restructuring discussions, a move that while complex to secure and not part of current talks, could set an eco-friendly precedent for other debt crises if eventually included.

For your consideration.
09/09/2022

For your consideration.

Let's make your house, your home!

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07/29/2022

For your consideration.

View of Garden of the Gods from a C-130!

📸: Jeremy Wolski.

For your consideration.https://www.dclibrary.org/booksfrombirth
07/23/2022

For your consideration.

https://www.dclibrary.org/booksfrombirth

The Books from Birth program is open to all children under the age of five who live in Washington, D.C. It mails all enrolled kids in D.C. a free book each month from birth until they turn five. Registering your child is easy, simply complete the form below. If you have any questions or any technica...

05/22/2022

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